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What is the Difference Between Calvinism and Arminianism?

Calvinism and Arminianism are two different theological systems that have developed within Christianity, and they have a number of differences.

Calvinism, named after the theologian John Calvin, is a system of belief that emphasizes the sovereignty of God and the idea of predestination. According to Calvinism, God has predetermined who will be saved and who will be damned, and this decision is made irrespective of human choice or action. Calvinists believe that human beings are completely unable to choose God on their own and that they are saved by God’s grace alone, through faith in Jesus Christ.

Arminianism, named after the theologian Jacobus Arminius, is a system of belief that emphasizes the role of human free will in salvation. According to Arminianism, God has given human beings the ability to choose whether or not to follow Him, and it is up to the individual to make this choice. Arminians believe that God’s grace is available to all people, but it is up to the individual to accept it and respond to it through faith in Jesus Christ.

Other key differences between Calvinism and Arminianism include their beliefs about the nature of God, the extent of Christ’s atonement, and the role of the Holy Spirit in salvation. These differences have led to ongoing debates and discussions within Christianity, with some people aligning more closely with Calvinist beliefs and others aligning more closely with Arminian beliefs.


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